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ISO 3864-4 Safety Sign Colours and photometric properties

ISO 3864-4 Safety Sign Colours and photometric properties

  This part of ISO 3864 establishes the colorimetric and photometric requirements and test methods for the colours of safety signs to be used in workplaces and public areas. It provides the colorimetric and photometric specifications for the named safety and contrast colours prescribed in ISO 3864-1. The physical requirements that safety signs have to meet are primarily related to daytime colour and normally lit environments. This part of ISO 3864 also includes the colorimetric requirements and test methods for safety signs and phosphorescent material which also operate in unlit environments. This part of ISO 3864 is applicable to all locations where safety issues related to people need to be addressed. However, it is not applicable to signalling used for guiding rail, road, river, maritime and air traffic and, generally speaking, to those sectors subject to a regulation that may differ. The colorimetric and photometric properties of retroreflective safety signs, retroreflective materials combined with fluorescent or phosphorescent materials, or luminous safety signs activated by a radioactive source are not specified in this part of ISO 3864. To measure the colour of photoluminescent materials in the dark condition a luminance value in the saturated condition requires minimum luminance values. JALITE materials fully satisfy these requirments as required also for ISO 15370 Low Location Lighting Arrangement for ships.

ISO Signs and Symbols Standards affecting photoluminescent products

ISO Signs and Symbols Standards affecting photoluminescent products

A number of new ISO Signs and Symbol Standards have been published in the last year or are under revision and elaboration. The full series of ISO 3864 (parts 1 3 and 4) design principles are in the final stages of revision. ISO 24409 -1 for the design of shipboard safety signs has been published and ISO 24409-2 is progressing for the catalogue of shipboard safety signs many of which will be included in ISO 7010. All these standards are now impacting the safety sign and photoluminescent business. They cover design of safety signs, colour and photometric properties of safety signs, marine and offshore safety signs, water safety signs and escape and evacuation plans. JALITE has participated in the elaboration of all these Standards and if you want to find out what is going on just mail us.

ISO EN 7010 New Amendment 4

A new amendment to ISO EN 7010 has been published which formalises the addition of shipboard safety signs to the workplace and public place safety sign arena. 48 safety signs are now standardized in ISO EN 7010 and fully meet the design requirements of ISO 3864 Standards. These safety signs are an integral part of the Shipboard Safety Sign Standard ISO 24409-2 to be published shortly.

OSHA Regulations

OSHA Regulations

To maintain a safe work place, and comply with OSHA requirements, employers must provide the proper signs to indicate the exit route, and the safety equipment installed in their facility. For example Section 1910.37(b) which states: "Each exit must be clearly visible and marked by a sign reading 'Exit.' " or Section 1926.34(b): " 'Exit marking.' Exits shall be marked by a readily visible sign. Access to exits shall be marked by readily visible signs in all cases where the exit or way to reach it is not immediately visible to the occupants". Ask your local Jalite Distributor for our OSHA compliant EXIT sign to ensure your workplace is compliant, even if there is a loss of power! Best practice in response to risk assessment would demand a comprehensive array of directional signs meeting OSHA requirments to ensure that the means of escape is secured at all times. JALITE Photoluminescent products add that extra and essential feature of mitigating the risk of failure of emergency lighting or protecting occupied areas not requiring such provisions. Furthermore, they provide the means to provide directional information duplicated at low location providing escape path information economically and without the need for heavy costs of wiring and maintenance. OSHA regulations also require safety signs and notices to be used to reduce risk by reinforcing training and education, to provide warnings of risks in the workplace and protective measures, including the prohibition of behaviour likely to create a risk of any kind.

Photoluminescent luminance decay

Photoluminescent luminance decay

JALITE products are all systematically tested for photoluminescent luminance decay properties according to the test procedures given in BS ISO 17398 and BS ISO 16069. These methods all relate back to the original milestone German Standard DIN 67510 Part 1. JALITE as founder member of the Photoluminescent Safety Products Association was involved heavily in setting the industry classification system which was formally adopted in the above ISO Standards. With recent developments in Codes and Standards for Photoluminescent Safety Products and in line with the recognized industry development it is now considered necessary to extend the PSPA material classification systems as follows:   Luminance Classes ISO 17398 and PSPA proposals Classification/Luminance mcd/m2 2 mins 10 mins 30 mins 60 mins Class A 108 23 7 3 Class B 210 50 15 7 Class C 690 140 45 20 Class D 1100 260 85 35 Class E 1800 400 120 55 Class F 2300 520 155 70 Class G 3000 650 190 80 The capability now to extend the luminance decay properties to close to 30 times the performance of the old industry base standard is remarkable and opens the door to improved escape route lighting applications and the eventual replacement of electrical escape route lighting. For more technical details and luminance properties under different light sources and illumination conditions please e-mail or contact us.

International Safety Signs and Symbols

International Safety Signs and Symbols

JALITE since 1981 has been involved in developing and applying Standards to photoluminescent safety products a useful reference list of Standards used are as follows: Specification Properties and test methods ISO BS 17398 Safety colours and safety signs -- Classification, performance and durability of safety signs ISO BS 3864-4 Graphical symbols -- Safety colours and safety signs -- Part 4: Colorimetric and photometric properties of safety sign materials ISO 9186-1 Graphical symbols -- Test methods -- Part 1: Methods for testing comprehensibility ISO 9186- 2 Graphical symbols -- Test methods -- Part 2: Method for testing perceptual quality DIN 67510-1 Photoluminescent pigments and products - Part 1 Measurement and marking by the producer   Specification Design ISO BS 7010 Graphical symbols -- Safety colours and safety signs -- Safety signs used in workplaces and public areas ISO 3864 -1 Graphical symbols -- Safety colours and safety signs -- Part 1: Design principles for safety signs and safety markings ISO 3864 - 3 Graphical symbols -- Safety colours and safety signs -- Part 3: Design principles for graphical symbols for use in safety signs BS 5499-1  Fire safety signs, notices and graphic symbols ISO 24409-1 Ships and marine technology -- Design, location and use of shipboard safety signsfor fire protection, life-saving appliances, and means of escape -- Part 1: Design principles ISO 20712-1 Water safety signs and beach safety flags -- Part 1: Specifications for water safety signs used in workplaces and public areas ISO 17631 Ships and marine technology -- Shipboard plans for fire protection, life-saving appliances and means of escape   Code- Application ISO 15370 Ships and marine technology -- Low-location lighting (LLL) on passenger ships –Arrangement ISO BS 16069 Graphical symbols -- Safety signs -- Safety way guidance systems (SWGS) ISO 23601 Safety identification  Escape and evacuation plan signs BS 5499-4 Safety signs, including fire safety signs. Code of practice for escape route signing    

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Jalite is active in over 109 countries

In the 35 year history of JALITE, products have been developed and supplied to over 100 countries in the world and often with safety messages in the local language or with dual language, with the International Safety language English. It has been a JALITE tradition to fully comply with National and International Standards for the design of our products. Now, with JALITE presence on three continents and Authorised Distribtors world wide we can be considered local throughout the world. Interested to Distribute JALITE products in your area of safety or your district and country? Just send us a mail and contact us now with an introduction.

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  • Lloyd's Register
  • BSI Group
  • International Maritime Organization
  • International Organization for Standardization
  • Photoluminescent Safety Products Association